An AC unit is a major asset, and it is important that home and property owners understand the basics of their systems and how to identify problems when they arise. Improper maintenance or an inability to spot the early signs of a potential problem could lead to increased operational costs, reduced service life, and larger repair bills. Understanding how an air conditioner operates and how to fix the problems that may develop is a responsibility that no homeowner can afford to ignore.
While air conditioners may seem like complex machines, the basic premise behind their operation is actually quite simple. An AC unit uses compressors and a closed system of coils in order to compress special compounds, known as “refrigerants.” The compression and subsequent expansion of refrigerants within the system allows for the absorption and removal of heat from an interior environment. Major components of an AC unit include the fan, compression and evaporation coils, lines for transporting refrigerant, numerous electrical components as well as any ducts or vents used to circulate cool air throughout the home.
There are a range of problems that may impair the output or performance of an AC unit. While routine maintenance and periodic inspection of an AC unit can help ensure proper operation, mechanical issues and other problems may still develop. Properly identifying a problem is essential for ensuring that it can be addressed and resolved before it develops into a more serious or costly issue.
Although it is important as a home or property owner to be able to identify whether the problems that you are having with your AC unit is a maintenance or serious repair issue, the average individual often lack the training necessary to fix the problem themselves. When it comes to an operating system as complex, vital, and expensive as an HVAC, it is recommended that homeowners contact a professional once they have recognized that there is an issue so that it is properly fixed. It is better to pay to have the problem solved correctly than to ignore the issue until it magnifies into something costlier.